What Is Cancer?
Cancer is in fact a group of lots of related diseases that all pertain to cells. Cells are the very small systems that comprise all living things, including the human body. There are billions of cells in each individual's body.
Cancer takes place when cells that are not normal grow and spread really quickly. Normal body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. With time, they also die. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells simply continue to grow and divide out of control and do not die when they're expected to.
Cancer cells normally group or clump together to form growths (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth ends up being a swelling of cancer cells that can damage the regular cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody really sick.
In some cases cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other areas of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new tumors. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a brand-new location in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you most likely don't know any kids who have actually had cancer. If you loaded a big football arena with kids, probably just one kid because stadium would have cancer.
Physicians aren't sure why some individuals get cancer and others do not. They do understand that cancer is not contagious. You can't catch it from another person who has it-- cancer isn't triggered by germs, like colds or the flu are. So don't hesitate of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can talk to, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't true! Kids don't do anything wrong to get cancer. However some unhealthy routines, specifically cigarette smoking or drinking too much alcohol every day, can make you a lot most likely to get cancer when you end up being an adult.
It can take a while for a physician to find out a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight loss, fevers, swollen glands, or feeling overly tired or sick for a while-- usually are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's often brought on by something less severe, like an infection. gift baskets for cancer patients With medical testing, the physician can determine what's triggering the problem.
If the medical professional suspects cancer, he or she can do tests to determine if that's the problem. A physician may buy X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual go to see an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who looks after and deals with cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to find out if somebody actually has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has actually infected other parts of the body. Based on the outcomes, the physician will choose the finest method to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a cosmetic surgeon) may perform is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). During a biopsy, a piece of tissue is removed from a tumor or a place in the body where cancer is thought, like the bone marrow. Don't worry-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be analyzed under a microscopic lense for cancer cells.
The faster cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's opportunities are for a full healing and cure.
Treating Cancer Carefully
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or in some cases a mix of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends upon:
Surgery is the oldest type of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to eliminate it. Throughout surgical treatment, the physician attempts to get as lots of cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue might likewise be gotten rid of to make certain that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is the usage of anti-cancer medications (drugs) to deal with cancer. These medications are often taken as a tablet, however generally are provided through an unique intravenous (state: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, generally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication flows from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.